- DTN Headline News
Many Wet-Condition Crop Concerns Ahead
Monday, June 24, 2019 10:28AM CDT
By Bryce Anderson
DTN Senior Ag Meteorologist

OMAHA (DTN) -- Scientists with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and the USDA Midwest Climate Hub are worried about how summer 2019 conditions will treat crops that are already behind the development time curve because of wet and cool weather.

In the NOAA North Central climate region, the month of May "was one for the record books," according to Montana State Climatologist Kelsey Jencso, during a conference call. He noted that March through May average temperatures in the region that extends from the Rocky Mountains in the west to the Allegheny Plateau in the east were mainly below- to much-below average. Accompanying that cool spring pattern, precipitation was "mainly much above average," except for the state of North Dakota, which had a drier month.

Looking ahead to July, Jencso highlighted the June NOAA Climate Prediction Center's forecast for central U.S. temperatures to have an elevated prospect of being below normal, while precipitation chances are elevated for above-normal amounts. "The odds are tilted toward this (cool and wet trend) continuing" in the Midwest and High Plains, he noted.

With that cool and wet forecast, Jencso listed characteristics and effects the region is likely to experience. They include: cold and wetness; delayed development; millions prevented planting acres; varied weed problems; disease from wet conditions; slow emergence of corn and soybeans; and crops that will likely struggle through the entire growing season.

"There's a strong connection at the (land) surface level in summer between wetter and cooler along with dry and warm," noted USDA Midwest Climate Hub Director Dennis Todey. "When soils and surfaces are wet, it leads to evaporative cooling (interferes with prolonged heat buildup in the Midwest). That's a big player."

Todey noted some crop issues have already been developing. "The problem is that we've put a decent amount of seed in the ground that has ongoing issues," he said. "There are fields where it's either been too wet or is becoming too wet, causing soil compaction. This is limiting to root development and emergence. Heavy rain has caused crusting of soils. Ongoing wetness leads to disease. And, people (producers) have not been able to do weed control."

Crop development and reproduction phases -- corn pollination and soybean flowering -- are on the minds of the experts with the July temperature forecast looking relatively cool. "We need warmer temperatures to push corn along," Todey said. "The overall outlook doesn't give a lot of optimism for corn to reach development by the end of the (crop) year."

That means crops will be using every available growing degree day to go through the various production phases. But, that takes time, and climate experts are concerned that time may run out in the 2019 season.

"Don't even mention early frost," Todey said.

Bryce Anderson can be reached at bryce.anderson@dtn.com

Twitter @BAndersonDTN


blog iconDTN Blogs & Forums
Technically Speaking
Editorial Staff
Monday, June 24, 2019 10:49AM CDT
Monday, June 17, 2019 10:27AM CDT
Monday, June 10, 2019 12:00PM CDT
Fundamentally Speaking
Joel Karlin
DTN Contributing Analyst
Monday, June 24, 2019 10:50AM CDT
Thursday, June 20, 2019 11:07AM CDT
Wednesday, June 12, 2019 12:13PM CDT
DTN Ag Policy Blog
Chris Clayton
DTN Ag Policy Editor
Monday, June 24, 2019 4:19PM CDT
Thursday, June 20, 2019 3:04PM CDT
Wednesday, June 19, 2019 3:38PM CDT
Minding Ag's Business
Katie Behlinger
Farm Business Editor
Wednesday, June 5, 2019 11:34AM CDT
Tuesday, May 28, 2019 3:02PM CDT
Monday, May 20, 2019 10:16AM CDT
DTN Ag Weather Forum
Bryce Anderson
DTN Ag Meteorologist and DTN Analyst
Tuesday, June 25, 2019 4:17PM CDT
Monday, June 24, 2019 8:25AM CDT
Friday, June 21, 2019 10:24AM CDT
DTN Production Blog
Pam Smith
Crops Technology Editor
Thursday, June 13, 2019 4:47PM CDT
Thursday, June 6, 2019 5:22PM CDT
Friday, May 31, 2019 4:49PM CDT
Harrington's Sort & Cull
John Harrington
DTN Livestock Analyst
Tuesday, June 11, 2019 3:25PM CDT
Thursday, June 6, 2019 12:26PM CDT
Tuesday, April 16, 2019 11:17AM CDT
South America Calling
Editorial Staff
Tuesday, April 23, 2019 2:43PM CDT
Tuesday, April 9, 2019 2:22PM CDT
Wednesday, April 3, 2019 5:24PM CDT
An Urban’s Rural View
Urban Lehner
Editor Emeritus
Wednesday, June 19, 2019 6:36PM CDT
Tuesday, June 11, 2019 6:35PM CDT
Monday, June 3, 2019 3:28PM CDT
Machinery Chatter
Dan Miller
Progressive Farmer Senior Editor
Tuesday, June 25, 2019 11:24AM CDT
Friday, June 14, 2019 3:53PM CDT
Friday, May 31, 2019 12:50PM CDT
Canadian Markets
Cliff Jamieson
Canadian Grains Analyst
Tuesday, June 25, 2019 3:53PM CDT
Monday, June 24, 2019 3:39PM CDT
Friday, June 21, 2019 4:00PM CDT
Editor’s Notebook
Greg D. Horstmeier
DTN Editor-in-Chief
Wednesday, May 1, 2019 5:59PM CDT
Thursday, April 25, 2019 8:51AM CDT
Thursday, April 11, 2019 8:29PM CDT
Copyright DTN. All rights reserved. Disclaimer.
Powered By DTN